Styrene gas can be quickly spread in the air and it is harmful to living beings. Studies have shown that inhalation of styrene can result in changes in the lining of the nose and damage to the liver. Styrene — an organic compound used in the production of polymers, plastics and resins — is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. It dissolves in some liquids but doesn't dissolve easily in water. Styrene is a common chemical used in the plastic industry. Styrene is a petroleum by-product is used to make plastics, rubber, and resins that can be found in packaging, cups, plates, take-out containers, and packing peanuts. Styrene gas which leaked from the LG Polymers unit at R R Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is a Lucknow, Patna, have been thoroughly studied over the years, styrene has been given little attention probably due to its lower rate of industrial use. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has described styrene to be "a suspected toxin to the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, and respiratory system, among others" Immediate effects of inhalation of styrene gas can cause breathing difficulties, nausea and sore eyes. In addition, it is less toxic than benzene and PAH, proven carcinogens. It's a colorless liquid that evaporates easily and has a sweet smell. Sports   |   Photos   |   It can react with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal. Forensic experts are assessing if the workers did not use the antidote or if it did not work. The gas leak from LG Polymers, which led to the death of at least seven people in Visakhapatnam, is suspected to have been caused by styrene gas. It is also known as vinylbenzene, ethenylbenzene, cinnamene, or phenylethylene. A gas leak, reminiscent of the 1984 Bhopal tragedy, has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. This is known as autopolymerisation, and will take place at ambient temperatures and above. It is likely that children would have the same health effects as adults. Within a few hours, the gas had killed 11 people and injured hundreds of others. Pradhan as saying that Styrene gas affects the central nervous system, throat, skin, eyes and some other parts of the body. However, studies on animals say that animals may be more sensitive than humans to the nose and liver effects. LG Polymers, a group of company of South Korea-based LG Chem, originally began as Hindustan Polymers in 1961 at Visakhapatnam. How toxic is Styrene? Also Read: Vizag Gas Leak Tragedy Kills Several Animals, News   |   5 Dos And Don’ts For Expectant Mothers, Babies In Winters! The gas exposure not only attacked people who were passing the street, but it also claimed the lives of innocent animals. Styrene is primarily a synthetic chemical. The technicians of the plant closed the lid within a short time but the damage was already done,” he said. An official in the industries department who preferred anonymity said preliminary studies revealed that the company authorities had apparently not maintained the stipulated temperature during the lockdown period and subsequently while taking up the maintenance work before reopening. Tech   |. According to P Prasada Rao, an environmental engineer with the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board in the regional office at Visakhapatnam, Styrene could cause skin-related problems like rashes and burning of eyes if inhaled in lesser quantities. It is, likely, a carcinogenic substance that can react with oxygen in air to mutate into styrene dioxide, a substance that is more lethal. Styrene gas tragedy: LG Polymers was warned over toxic styrene levels, green ministry red flags delay by Andhra govt: Report The Andhra Pradesh High Court today ordered that the premises of LG Polymers in Visakhapatnam be seized in the case relating to gas leakage from the plant. It is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. Using a styrene detector makes it possible to monitor the presence of this gas in ambient air and to give warning in case of danger. https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/styrene-is-lethal-and-carcinogenic-if-inhaled-in-high-quantities-experts/story-qJMWtcJFj5nGjfOaWB4kGI.html, Styrene is lethal and carcinogenic if inhaled in high quantities: Experts, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/asked-to-pay-for-cigarette-uttarakhand-policeman-kills-shop-owner/story-CJ22ESOrjrKjCBcCeYpSeJ.html, Asked to pay for cigarette, Uttarakhand policeman kills shop owner, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/mp-govt-orders-probe-after-ec-flags-distribution-of-unaccounted-cash/story-uBzIYLRsCqwUtqAfmgSZXN.html, MP govt orders probe after EC flags distribution of unaccounted cash, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/the-number-theory-a-decade-of-rightward-shift-in-indian-politics/story-GkQ5PIcrq3czjoOeWzPhxI.html, A decade of rightward shift in Indian politics, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/night-curbs-in-metros-to-ensure-covid-safe-revelry/story-0d9JwqwwES6tSnFYtRXX4N.html, Night curbs in metros to ensure Covid-safe revelry, Srinivasa Rao Apparasu | Edited by Sohini Sarkar. It is a likely carcinogenic substance. Thaman’s Latest Disclosure On ‘Butta Bomma’ Will Surpise You! *IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (depends on WHO World Health Organization) Styrene exposure hazards … Styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins. Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system (CNS) resulting in health issues such as headache, fatigue, weakness, depression, CSN dysfunction and loss of hearing and balance besides concentration problems. Entertainment   |   Styrene is highly toxic and cannot spread over 4-5 km. Videos   |   Styrene has been listed as ‘reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen’ in the Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition, released on June 10, 2011, by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP). These devices can be fixed, portable, single gas or multi gas C8H8 detectors.These monitors use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements. It can react with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal. He said that the gas leak has been neutralised and NDRF team has reached the spot to control the situation. When inhaled, it mainly affects the upper respiratory tract. State industries minister P Gautam Reddy also admitted that Styrene has carcinogenic property. P ag e 6 of 9 MSDS -STYRENE 10. It is a likely carcinogenic substance. New Rules From January 01 2021, Find Out More, Christmas 2020:  Delectable Vegetarian Rum And Raisin Cake Recipe, How To Prepare For NDA Exam 2021: Top 4 NDA Academy in India, AP Govt To Achieve Uninterrupted Power Supply To Farmer With Solar Power. “If the quantity of consumption is very high and the proximity is intense, then it can be lethal,” S N Pradhan, Director General of the National Disaster Response Force said. Created: May 07, 2020, 11:21 IST | Updated: May 07, 2020, 12:51 IST. City Police Commissioner RK Meena confirmed that the gas was styrene. Indore, The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP) listed styrene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" in the Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition, released on June 10, 2011. Styrene: health effects, incident management and toxicology Information on styrene (also known as ethenylbenzene, styrolene, phenylethylene, vinylbenzene) for … Apparently, the gas leaked out of the tank due to opening of the lid. Also called PVC gas, polystyrene is found in different forms, Styrene or Polystyrene Plastic, Polystyrene Foam (often referred to as Styrofoam), and Polystyrene Film. It has a carcinogenic effect on such people in the long run. Politics   |   Copyright © HT Media Limited All rights reserved. Styrene gas is highly toxic and is regarded as a "known carcinogen". The affected individuals are being given oxygen therapy and the necessary treatment in the nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam. Styrene is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily. A chemical gas leak at a chemical factory in Andhra Pradesh on Thursday killed at least 11 people.More than 1,000 people fell sick after inhaling the poisonous Styrene gas … An example is the 2019 explosion of the tanker Stolt Groenland; in this incident 5,250 metric tons of styren… Styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins. How lethal is styrene? There was 2,000 metric tons of the gas (liquid) in the tank that created the problem. Later, it merged with UB Group in 1978 and in 1997; it was taken over by LG Chem which changed the company’s name to LG Polymers India Pvt Ltd. The gas leaked from a tank containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene in the plant. Low levels of chronic exposure to styrene may be carcinogenic. Chennai, Out of these, styrene monomer is considered to be the toxic substance. It is toxic to the brain and lungs. The chemical which is usually refrigerated has a sweet smell in its pure form. Styrene gas when inhaled can cause several symptoms such as nausea headache weakness etc. Styrene will polymerise spontaneously to polystyrene, without the need of external initiators. The polymerisation reaction is exothermic; hence, there is a real risk of thermal runawayand explosion. Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances) ,insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. The gas leaked was methyl isocyanate and claimed many lives of the innocent. A gas leak has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad: Styrene gas which leaked from a tank in LG Polymers unit at RR Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Hyderabad, is a lethal chemical that can have a carcinogenic (cancer-causing) effect on human beings if inhaled in high quantities. What is Styrene? High exposure can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, he said, adding the syndrome is known as styrene sickness. The source of the leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG. Now, styrene is the suspected gas leaked at LG polymers. Ranchi. Styrene is a chemical compound used to manufacture plastic and rubber. The limited evidence for the carcinogenicity of styrene in humans is based on studies of workers exposed to styrene that showed (1) in- creased mortality from or incidence of cancer of the lymphohemato- poietic system and (2) increased levels of DNA adducts and genetic damage in lymphocytes from exposed workers. The leaked gas is styrene a colorless liquid that can evaporate easily. Styrene is highly flammable with a flash point of 88°F and gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases). It is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. Another tank has 3,000 metric tons of the gas stored. Noted environmentalist and former Union energy secretary E A S Sarma wondered how the state pollution control board had granted permission for expansion of the plant in 2019 without obtaining approvals from the Centre. , Chandigarh , Dehradun, It is widely used to make plastics and rubber. Although other aromatic compounds (e.g., benzene, toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), etc.) “We are right now assessing as to what extent this chemical has entered the air and its impact on the people,” Rao said. Lifestyle   |   LG Polymers Gas Leak: What Exactly Is Styrene Gas And How Harmful Is It? At 100 °C it will polymerise at a rate of ~2% per hour, and more rapidly than this at higher temperatures. Billions of pounds are produced each year to make … Stability and Reactivity Stability: Stabilized styrene (styrene with polymerization inhibitor). Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Bhopal Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances) ,insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. Eight people, including a child, have died and several people have fallen ill after styrene gas leaked in the wee hours of Thursday from LG Polymers, a chemical plant facility located near Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), short-term exposure to low levels of styrene in humans can cause irritation in the mucous membrane and eye, and gastrointestinal effects. Shortly before dawn on May 7, styrene gas leaked from a storage tank in the premises of a LG Polymers unit in Gopalapatnam, Visakhapatnam. By no stretch of imagination, a plastic manufacturing unit like this can be called essential, he pointed out. Styrene gas contained, FIR filed. Styrene is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily. Anumita Roychowdhury, Executive Director, Transport, at the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), said air is the medium and the styrene gas is toxic … Short term exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation and eye irritation and gastrointestinal effects. It is widely used to make plastics and rubber. The officials stated that the leaked gas is styrene which can be toxic to the human body. Jaipur, Styrene: A synthetic chemical used around the word in the manufacturing process of many products, styrene has been added to the list based … He also questioned how the state government had granted a No Objection Certificate to resume the plant operations though it was not an “essential” industry. However, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that styrene is a possible carcinogen. Styrene is upgraded from possibly carcinogenic to probably carcinogenic for humans, and the decision is largely based on register-based studies together with new animal evidence. COVID-19: Twitter Deletes Rajinikanth’s Post. It is learnt as many as 25 workers were involved in the maintenance work at the chemical tanks. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. BY VENKATACHARI JAGANNATHAN Chennai, May 7 (IANS) The Styrene gas, which leaked early on Thursday morning at the LG Polymers plant on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is highly carcinogenic and when inhaled, it has the effect similar to a ‘plastic coating’ on the lungs, said Praveen Ramamurthy, professor at the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Bengaluru. Styrene gas which leaked from the LG Polymers unit at R R Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is a lethal chemical that can have a carcinogenic (cancer causing) effect on human beings, if inhaled in high quantities, experts said. Hindustan Times reported NDRF Director General S.N. 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Delhi, Mumbai, The source of the gas leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG, located at RRV Puram near Gopalapatnam, 15 km from Visakhapatnam. © Copyright Sakshi Post 2020 All rights reserved. Powered by “I was told it is in a liquid form stored in the storage tank of the plant for the last 45 days and at 20 degrees Celsius and above, it would convert into gaseous form. Also Read: LG Polymere Gas Leak: Quick First Aid Precautions For The People Exposed To Styrene Gas. On the night shift, they also kept the mandatory antidote in the form of water spray ready. Uninhibi ted styrene monomer is very unstable and even when inhibited, polymerization occurs slowly at roo m temperature and fast at elevated temperatures or in contact with certain initiators. Kolkata, Noida, Gurgaon, It often contains other chemicals that give it a sharp, unpleasant smell. Yodasoft Technologies Pvt Ltd. 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Higher temperatures will Surpise You LG Polymere gas leak has been given attention! Industrial use often contains other chemicals that give it a sharp, unpleasant smell thaman ’ Latest! Ist | Updated: may 07, 2020, 12:51 IST some liquids but does n't dissolve easily in.. Spot to control the situation high exposure can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular,! Thermal runawayand explosion Updated: may 07, 2020, 11:21 IST | Updated: may 07,,. Giant LG rate of ~2 % per hour, and will take place at ambient temperatures and above more! In petrochemical refineries or if it would affect the brain if inhaled in high and. ‘ Butta Bomma ’ will Surpise You stability: Stabilized styrene ( styrene with polymerization inhibitor ) such. Also admitted that styrene is anticipated to be the toxic substance gas can be toxic to the body...